Education: rules and information

PhD students must acquire 30 European University Credits (ECTS) – “Crediti Formativi Universitari” (CFU) during their 3-years career.

They can obtain them by attending:

  • teaching activities of the Doctorate School
  • courses, schools or seminars held by other PhD Programs
  • courses organised by the Higher Education School of the University of Pavia (“corsi trasversali“)

1 CFU is equal to:

  • 4 hours lesson
  • 6 hours practice
  • 8 hours field trip

PhD students that are willing to attend courses not corresponding to those indicated in the above table must request an authorization from the PhD Course Coordinator, filling in the External Didactic Activities Authorization form and sending it by mail to